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The Different Types Of PCB Assembly

A PCB Assembly is the last of a four-stage production of printed circuit boards, wherein components are placed to make the boards functional. are provide us your requirements and we create the PCB design. We use two general categories of board assembly, according to technology used and according to the duties performed.

In the technology used category, we are currently using three assembly technologies. One is the old and trusted, through-hole assembly. The second one is the SMT (surface mount technology). The newest in our company is the package-on-package (POP) assembly system.


Through-hole mounting technology (TMT) is the oldest among the three assemblies. It dates back to the first time electronics device was assembled and used. In this assembly process, we drill the printed circuit boards with holes and mount the components through the hole. The TMT PCB assembly may be an obsolete technology but is useful in the production of prototypes and simple PCB. It is still widely used in the assembly industry due to its coat efficiency and the stronger bond of the components to the board.

The Different Types Of PCB Assembly :

On the other hand, in an SMT process, we use surface pads to mount the components on the board. We still drill holes on the boards but the purpose is the placement of screws on the sides or anywhere on the board, depending on the client’s requirements. We place non-conducting materials such as plastic on the holes to prevent the screws from creating electrical reactions.

Pcb fabricationThe newest board assembly is the POP system. Actually, the POP is a development from the standard SMT. This technology makes our assembly process faster, especially for electronics devices that have complex requirements. We stack printed circuit boards on top of another board, one at a time or all at the same time after the first PCB is finished. Although this process requires additional software system and machines, the overall cost of assembly is lesser compared to when we use standard SMT in assembling complex PCBs.

The second type of our PCB assembly is according to the duties performed. We have the full and partial turn-key assembly.

In the full turnkey assembly, we perform everything, from the production of the board up to the assembly point. Just provide us your requirements and we create the PCB design. After designing, we create the prototype and send it to your company for approval. Once approved, we proceed with the production and assembly. The printed circuit boards arrive at your doorstep in good working condition.

In a partial turnkey assembly, we perform the assembly process and you provide us the printed circuit boards and the components. We recommend partial turn-key PCB assembly if you have your own PCB manufacturing. Outsourcing the assembly process is cheaper than establishing your own. You do not have to think of capital and labor requirements. If your company has a growing demand on PCBs, we can help you meet those consumers’ demands.

PCB AssemblyHowever, if you do not have PCB manufacturing department, we suggest that you try full turnkey assembly. You do not have to worry anything except to test the final output. Although we have done the testing before we send the PCBs, we encourage that you perform testing once you receive the PCBs. In cases that these boards are defective, send us the defective boards and state the defects found for proper evaluation. As long as the defects are due to the negligence on our part, we replace the defective boards with newer ones.

The PCB assembly has evolved a lot since the first PCBs were out on the market. In order to stay in the competition, we adopt the necessary changes in our company and be the company that people seek when it comes to their PCBs requirements. We uphold the principle of providing quality output to our clients. If you have more questions about how we achieve excellent products, please feel free to contacts us and be one of the many customers who trusted.

ChallengeCoins4Less.Com: The Leading Supplier Of Best Quality Custom Coins

Challenge coins are one of the most revered traditions of the US Armed Forces. The practice of coin giving apparently started in World War 1 when unit commanders gave them away to soldiers to build camaraderie, pride, and morale. Its use has evolved into a game which has come to be known as a coin challenge. The game involved challenging comrades to present their unit coin and has dire consequences for those who fail to match the challenge – a round of drinks for the challenger and comrades.

Today, military members continue to wear their challenge coins with pride. Challenge coins continue to inspire brotherhood, loyalty, and unity among soldiers and team members. has been a reliable supplier of challenge coins to military organizations for the past several years. We are proud to be a part of this well-loved tradition.

Challenge Coin

Challenge coins help promote universal values like fraternity and teamsmanship. The idea would soon sweep other government units and organizations. The practice of coin giving has inevitably spread to non-military units such as the police, fire department, and education sector. At, we always rise to the occasion by providing a wide range of options to serve the special requirements of different units and organizations.

Nowadays, custom coins have permeated private organizations and the corporate world. They are widely used as promotional products, as keepsakes, and as a commemorative item to mark important occasions. delivers well-crafted, unique, and impressive custom coins and challenge coins to match the highest standards of your organization. We have world class graphics artists on board and the latest technology to make sure that you’ll get the best custom coins ever. We consistently deliver the highest quality custom coins at the fastest time and at the most competitive prices across the nation.

challenge coins

At Challenge Coins 4 Less, we make sure that your design is implemented to the smallest detail. With us, you’ll never run out of options in terms of style, tone, shape, edge, make, or material. If you can imagine it, we can do it. If you need more ideas for your coin’s design, we’ll gladly help you. We’ll work on your creative ideas in whatever form you put them. No idea is too complicated or too simple for us. We can design your custom coin to fit your needs. You can count on us and our years or experience in producing the best custom coins for your organization or company.

To help you decide on the style, make, and finish of your custom coins, here are some ideas:

Symbols or logos

An organization’s emblem is almost always a part of the custom coin. You can opt to place back-to-back logos on your coin or place more than one logo on either side.

Coin Shape

The standard coin shape is round with 2 inches diameter but we will work on the basic shape to produce polygon, square, or a dog tag shape according to your needs. From there, we can do stars, bottle opener styles, dog tags, your insignias, or whatever customization style you want for your coins.

Metal Style

You can choose classic polished gold or silver metal or go dramatic with other metal styles such as antique copper, antique gold, antique silver, or antique brass. You may also opt for black nickel, polished copper, or polished brass. You can even combine different metal styles to create a duo-tone or tri-tone look. With us, the possibilities are practically endless.

Other Coin Options

There are other details that you can put on your coin to make it unique and special. We do 3D designs, epoxy coating, antiquing effects, diamond cut edges, sequential numbering, offset digital printing, and engraved rim text. We can turn your coin into a bottle opener or key chain. We offer different types of packaging to suit the occasion and your requirements.

custom coins

At, we help you come up with powerful and creative designs that will add more value to your custom coins and to your organization. We implement your chosen design with the highest level of precision and excellence to deliver custom coins that befits your organization’s ideals and visions. We consistently deliver on time and never charge hidden fees.

You can trust us to deliver the highest quality coins at the best prices. ChallengeCoins4Less is your reliable one-stop shop for all your custom coins and challenge coins requirements.

The Guide to Backing Types

If you haven’t ordered a custom-made patch yet, you’d probably think it is a waste of time. Well, it really isn’t. In fact, sturdy custom patches are worthwhile investments that will last year after year even with continuous use. Finished embroidered patches are also pieces of art themselves. Each custom design is uniquely conformant with the design specifications of a particular client. Accordingly, every finished custom patch is a work of art being put into action by the specific organization.

All about BackingsPatche
We’ve discussed the importance of embroidered patches. Now it’s time to turn our attention to an important aspect of patches- the backing. When considering a custom-made patch to be crafted, the backing should be carefully chosen to give the patch the right amount of thickness and support. Now, what exactly is backing and what purpose does it serve for the finished embroidered patch? Let our team at give you an overview of backings and how they can be used to enhance your custom-made patches.

What exactly is a backing?

A backing is a form of stabilizer applied to the wrong side of the patch in order to give support and stability to the newly-made patch. Patch backings come in a variety of materials. The thickness of the finished patch and the method with which it will be transferred to the garment are factors that are considered when deciding on the type of backing to use for the finished patch.

Patch Backing Choices

There are several types of backings to choose from depending on your needs. We at list the most common options here.

• Adhesive or Tape Backing

This is the most widely used backing choice because of its convenience, versatility, and ease of use. Tape backing is a less permanent method that’s easy to apply, but also easily comes off, making it not advisable for long-term use. However, for quick patch changes, tape backing is sufficient enough.

• Iron-On Backing

As the name implies, all you need to attach the patch to your garments is a flat iron. This type of backing is relatively easy to apply as well: just place the patch over the garment, top with a damp towel and hold the flat iron against the patch for a half minute to allow the patch to completely adhere to the garment. Iron-on backing is the backing choice for patches to be used for ceremonial as well as casual clothing.

• Velcro Backing

For patches that requires frequent changing and for multiple patches, Velcro backings comes in handy. This backing type allows for more flexibility and durability. The patches cannot be attached securely to the garments for a long time, though, rendering it a temporary backing material. Velcro backings are commonly seen in military morale patches.

• Plastic Backing

This backing option is usually applied to patches in conjunction with iron-on backing. Plastic backing offers stiffness giving the patch superior shape maintenance even after continued long-term use.

• Button Loop Backing-

The button loop backing option is unique in that it requires no gluing and sewing. This backing utilizes a small loop of thread attached at the wrong side of the patch. The loop thread allows the patch to be hung effortlessly on a uniform button or pin. Scout organizations such as the Boy Scouts of America usually order patches with button loop backing because of its easy and effortless usage and long-lasting hold.

These five backing options are all available at, a dedicated patches online store.

The bottom line: Patches can actually survive without backing if they are intended to be directly sewn to the garment. However, if sewing is not an option, then the best backing type that’ll suit the intended patch usage must be utilized to attach the patch to the garment. With so many options to choose from, customers can never go wrong with the quality work that we at can provide. is a best one shop for all types of patches. Where you can purchase variety of patches with different style and you can also order them online.

Tips in Buying Homes for Sale in Garden City, NY

Living in Garden City, NY allows you to be part of the urban sophisticated lifestyle, which the town is famous for. However, it’s no secret that to live in that luxury town in Long Island, one must be ready to spend a lot for a property. If you are preparing to buy homes for sale in Garden City, NY, here are some tips that you could use.

Research on the Real Estate Climate

priceIt may not be that true anymore that homes for sale in Garden City, NY are still too expensive to buy for outsiders. Research will tell you that properties in Garden City are trending to price lower. That may help you predict the value of the homes you are eyeing in the next ten years. This is essential if you are looking for homes that have high resell value in the future, if you are still intending to move. This may also help you to bargain for prices, if you will be working on your own.

Look at Your Spending Plan

First, you must be certain that your income will cover your mortgage and the predicted expenditures once you move in. The value of the property you are looking to buy will be a concern, but the next thing you have to have in mind is how you are going to cover the luxurious cost of living in Garden City.

The average income of a household in Garden City is $150,000, and if you do not make that much, you may not afford to live in this town. Before you talk to a financer for a loan, you may want to consider if you can augment your income to support your future lifestyle.

Talk to a Broker

The cost of buying homes for sale in Garden City, NY would most probably make you spend around $750,000 to $800,000 on the average, but there can be ways to lower the cost. To arugment your chances of getting a better deal, you may want to contract a reliable broker to help you.

brokerA broker may help you sweeten a deal with a seller by spotting things in their property that may lower the price. Some of them are damaged period décor, or a cluttered lawn. At the same time, brokers may help you find a prime house in a good location that may be offering to sell their property fast.

A reliable broker may also help you find houses that may work out for your lifestyle, apart from the high-priced period houses in the area. This will be helpful if you think you cannot afford to get a huge mortgage, which will lock you for long payments.

Go for the Newer Houses

Sure, Garden City has its charm thanks to the period houses built earlier than the 1940s, but you may want to take the newer properties instead. The downside is that they will have lesser resell value compared to antique houses, but the upside is they are more affordable.

Newer houses on Garden City are harder to find, but there are recent developments that you may want to tap into.

If you are looking to buy houses in this posh town, keep these tips in buying homes for sale in Garden City, NY. Not only will these help you save money on your purchase, it will also help you prepare for the expenses once you move in.

Brokers may help you find house in a good location that may be offering to sell their property fast., here you can get details of real estate agent easily!!

Factors to consider when changing golf clubs

So you have been using your old golf clubs for years and you feel that it is high time to change them along with your other golf equipment.

Before hitting the Web and making all those drastic decisions in buying, take time to check the following factors:

Your Needs and Your Financial Commitment

golfYou already know that there is the need to say sayonara to your old golf clubs, but up to what extent? Remember that this decision will certainly have an impact on your finances, too. It is important to understand and also to make a real commitment to golfing before purchasing any golf equipment. Are you planning to take more lessons? Are you aiming to play more games or to play more frequently? The answers to these questions will somehow reaffirm your need for new implements. Moreover, your commitment to the sport will also allow you to make reasonable limits on how much you want or you can spend on them. Overspending is also not necessary. The important thing is you understand your needs so you can also allocate the right budget for it.

Your Potential Need for Change in Shafts

If you have been using your golf clubs for many years, then a change in golf shafts may also be needed. It is important to remember that having used your clubs for a long time could also mean your shaft may need some changing, too. The ‘need’ can be confirmed depending on what type of player you are. Generally, new players would prefer stiffer shafts at the beginning stage of their games. Some players who happen to have weaker swings may benefit from graphite shafts. Slower swings would also get the best result from these graphite shafts.

The Potential Change in Your Game

The type of shaft you need also depends on the changing strategies of your game. For instance, cavity backs may work well for you if there has been a drastic change in your handicap index. For similar cases, long irons equipped with hybrids are also recommended. On the other hand, if you have seen improvement in your game, then it is high time to get more advanced golf equipment. In principle, you should always match your gear with your level of expertise. In that way, you can take full advantage of the technologically-improved clubs.

When to Consider Club fitting

club fittingClub fitting can be your ultimate answer when it comes to the possibility of changing shafts. It involves taking necessary measurements and can easily be done in pro-shops. The procedure normally takes about 30 minutes to a full one hour. An in-depth club fitting is highly recommended and must be performed by a pro-club fitter to make sure that the clubs are compatible with your swing as well as with your body.

Seek Some Sound Opinions

It is also important to solicit sound advice from professionals or experienced players. They usually have good knowledge of what kind of golf equipment best suits you. Professional salespersons could also be a good source of information. Local golfers or even golf clubs can also provide interesting input on your decision in buying new golf clubs. Even when finding low-budget clubs, it is still best to buy from real golf shops like rockbottomgolf instead of department stores. It would be essential to get honest opinions on golf clubs from people who truly know in-depth details about them.

Read, read, and read more

There are instances wherein the Web could be your ultimate ally in finding information about golf clubs. There are threads or reviews online that could offer useful information on different golf equipment. Making extra effort during research could benefit the player and improve his game.

Becoming A Motivational Speaker

According to one of the most popular inspirational speakers today, many people have not attained success because they “aim too low and hit the mark”. In order to succeed, one must “Aim for the stars and hit the mark”. At least, if you won’t make it to the top, you won’t have to fall too far down.

Conveying message (like the one indicated above) and actually inspiring people to believe in it is the foremost task of a motivational speaker. It may seem too daunting to ordinary people but for someone who has the experience, talent, determination, and passion, being an inspiring speaker comes naturally.

So what does it take to be a professional speaker who is paid for his time, billeted at expensive hotels and receive with such warmth and welcome by congregations of men and women?

The Most Important Characteristic Of A Motivational Speaker Are :

The most notable characteristic of a motivational speaker is his passion about his topic or message. Most inspirational speakers today have adopted their own niche thus they are often hired to talk on such forte and other topics that may relate to it. The passion with which they deliver their message to their audience and the ardor that emanates from them whenever they talk about their topic is exceptional. That is perhaps the reason why they are able to inspire or motivate people.

Good Speaker

Professional speakers are good public speakers. They need to be good public speakers in order to convey their message to groups of people and for people to receive it well. At the outset, you don’t really need to be a natural born public speaker to be able to enter the motivational speaking profession. This means that even if you have a speech impediment, you can still learn the craft of public speaking. This further means that a motivational speaker need not be a perfect public speaker.

Most inspirational speakers utilize a variety of emotions in delivering their message. Some clap, inject reactions or portray a monologue to get their message across effectively to their target audience. The point is you should know when to employ diverse strategies to get and hold the attention of your audience. After all, an entirely monotonous speech would be absolutely boring. Injecting some humor in your message would also help in getting the attention and even in invoking inspiration in your audience.

To be an inspirational speaker, one must also learn the different non-verbal languages and what each of them means. This is an exigent part in succeeding in your chosen profession since non-verbal languages represents at least 70% of the ways that people communicate. It would also help you in projecting the right body language on stage, so as not to contradict what you are verbally saying. For instance, you must know that crossing your arms when you are talking about trust and confidence is not in sync with each other.

Keynote speaker

If you want to become a motivational speaker, you must dress for it. This means that if you want people to perceive you as someone successful, then your outward appearance and attire must speak for it. As harsh as it may sound, people will hardly believe you when you are sloppily dressed or sporting a tousled look if you are speaking about success.

You can become a professional inspirational speaker if you put your heart to it. You just have to develop your innate ability to inspire people through your passion and you can hone your craft as you go along. It would also be beneficial if you will be able to acquire a life coach who can help you in your journey towards becoming one of the most successful keynote speakers in the country or in the world today.

Author Bio:
Motivational speakers will have a module or to dedicated to inspiring and motivating others. Keynote speakers are the individuals who direct the most critical talk for the occasion. Click here for more details about motivational speakers.

Pins: Symbol of Belongingness

A well-crafted pin that embodies a sense of belongingness will create a more meaningful life to the bearer. Knowing the fact that you belong to a certain community will make you feel confident and will make you give more value to life. It will give more than a sense of bonding and will promote camaraderie. Pin maybe small but it is very valuable. It carries a lot of significance and recognition.

Companies want to give employees great motivation to work hard. They want their employees to do their best for the company. Some companies provide their employees something that could strengthen the corporate spirit within the company. Pin with company’s logo can bring pride to the bearer and can embody a sense of belongingness. Companies want their employee to be committed on their job and on the company. Thus, giving them something with value and items that symbolize and will remind them of their worth in the company is really noteworthy.

pinsAn exclusive lapel pin with the company symbol can add more confidence and loyalty. Employees wearing brooch will be recognized easily as a worker of the company. Some types even contain the name and position of the bearer. This item brings sense of togetherness to the employees. An employee will be more creative, innovative and will give the best performance for the company. It may look like an accent to the clothes of the bearer but the importance it can carry is very much beneficial not just for the employee but also for the company. Employees who feel that sense of belonging and think that he fits in the company will be loyal and will work harder for the improvement of the company.

Schools also use lapel pins. A lapel pin with a logo of school or any academic institution makes it easy for someone who sees the pin to identify that the bearer is a part of that institution. It gives identity to those who wear the pin.

Organizations and clubs also provide this symbolic item to their members. It is not just for the sake of being a member of the club but for the organization as well. The bearer will be easily recognized through the pin he wears. The pin that symbolizes of being a part of the organization can bring pride to the members. They will be recognized as a loyal member of the club. The uniqueness of the pins provided by the organization may motivate each member to be more active and hardworking member of the club because of the idea that they belong to an important and significant community organization.

This symbolic thing is not just for bigger and prestigious group or organization. Even clubs with fewer members could have this symbolic thing. Clubs with own distinctive pins can gain more recognition. It could also be one of the ways to entice more individuals to join their organization. Wearing it will not only give recognition to the bearer. Some may see the pin and will be curious and ask about it. This type of incident will bring more awareness to the public of the organization’s existence. It will make the community recognize your group and you goals.

Well-made pins distinguish your group from other organization. It carries not only your group’s identity but honor and pride as well.

Lapel Pin Superstore could provide you unique and well-crafted products. The superstore gives you the opportunity to have personally-designed pins for an affordable price. Personalized products at friendly price are what this store offers. These tiny well-made items could surely bring smile to the persons who will receive it. It is not the size that counts, it is the value and significance of the item that matter the most.